Species of Honey Bee
In the early 21st century, only seven species of honey bee are recognized, with a total of 44 subspecies, though historically seven to eleven species are recognized.
The Best known Honey Bee
The Western honey bee is the best known honey bee, which has been domesticated for honey production and crop pollination; modern humans also value the wax for candle making and other crafts. Honey bees represent a small fraction of the roughly 20,000 known species of bees.
Harmless / Stingless Honey bees
Some types of bees produce and store honey and have been kept by humans for that purpose, including the stingless honey bees, but only the members of the genus Apis are true honey bees.
Species of Honey Bee in Pakistan
Four species of honeybees are found in Pakistan. Three are domestic and one is imported and settled in Pakistan.The indigenous species name of honeybee is Apis dorsata, Apis cerana, and Apis florea. The occidental species is Apis mellifera. They are mostly found in the Himalaya region of Pakistan.
Apis dorsata, is known as the giant honey bee. Apis dorsata is a honey bee of South and Southeast Asia, found mainly in forested areas. Generally, they are around 17–20 mm long. Nests are mainly built in exposed places off the ground, like on tree limbs, under cliff overhangs, and sometimes on buildings.
Apis cerana is the eastern honey bee. It is also called the Asiatic honey bee. This species of honey bee is native to southern, southeastern, and eastern Asia. Apis koschevnikovi species is the sister species of Apis cerana and both are in the same subgenus as the western honey bee.
Honey bee Apis mellifera, is known as the European bee or in Indonesia known as superior bee. Bees are classified as benign(i.e. not easy to attack / sting). The most important thing is to master the management of the colony. The Mellifera honeybees was first present in Indonesia and that idea get from Australia to see the Apiari Scouts in the early decades of the 1970’s. Some people were trying to farm in Central Java with the mainland of China. In spite of it all is to be noted and it plays an important role in the development of this bee species in Indonesia are Apiari Scouts, Department of Forestry, and BPPT.Mellifera honey bees at this point is easily found in Central Java (Pati, Jepara, Batang, Boyolali, Semarang, Waterford), in East Java (Malang, Pasuruan, Probolinggo, Banyuwangi, Kediri), in West Java (Sukabumi), in Yogyakarta , in Papua (Wamena)..